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History Music

2 Interesting Theories About the History of the Portuguese Guitar

Although there are several theories about the origins of the signature Portuguese guitar, many experts support that it has Arabic roots. In fact, we can find common features between Moorish music and the traditional Portuguese folk genre, fado.

The Moors brought their guitars to the neighboring nation of Spain, so it’s not a stretch that Portuguese music was also influenced.

post History of the Portuguese Guitar - 2 Interesting Theories About the History of the Portuguese Guitar

Others, however, such as compositors Pedro Caldeira Cabral and António Portugal, conducted studies that seem to indicate that the Portuguese guitar is likely the outcome of a fusion between two different stringed instruments, the European cittern and the English guitar.

The European cittern is a Renaissance instrument with a shape that is very similar to that of the Portuguese guitar. Many citterns and Portuguese guitars also share the same number of strings and the tunings.

The cittern was probably brought to Portugal by the Italian or French during the 16th century. When it comes to the English guitar, the instrument was introduced in Portugal in the 18th century.

The different body structures and tunings found in the European cittern and the English guitar might start to explain why the typical guitars of the Portuguese cities of Coimbra and Lisbon have some relevant differences.

It could have been a case of which of the two foreign guitars impacted each of the Portuguese models the most. Independently of which origin story is closest to the real events, the fact is that the present-day Portuguese guitar, with all of its variations, is an instrument that evolved and transformed into something unique in the world, used for an equally unique genre of music.

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Guitars Music

2 Guitars that Changed the Course of Music History

By browsing our blog New Music Fridays, you have come to understand that the history that led to the development of acoustic and electric guitars as we know them today is rich, significant, impressive and international.

It is truly mind-blowing to think that the string instruments that were played even before the common era evolved constantly across centuries, generations and nations. But what are the absolute staples of our contemporary guitar collection? Two inventions simply cannot be forgotten.

The Gibson L-5

post The Gibson L 5 - 2 Guitars that Changed the Course of Music History

The Gibson L-5 was first released in 1923 and, to this day, it is known in the music world as the first masterpiece. Icons like Maybelle Carter, West Montgomery, Eric Clapton and John Mayer have played the Gibson L-5.

The Maybelle Carter’s L-5 is currently on display at the Nashville’s Country Music Hall of Fame.

The model was designed to be played in orchestra music and was the first guitar with 14 frets on its neck and a truss rod that could be adjusted. Crafted first as an acoustic instrument, electric variations of the Gibson L-5 started being produced during the 1950s, the era of the advent of the first Fender and Gibson electric guitars.

By that time, the Gibson L-5 was considered the ultimate best rhythm guitar to be played in big band music.

The Fender Telecaster

post The Fender Telecaster - 2 Guitars that Changed the Course of Music History

The Fender Telecaster, known first as the Esquire or Broadcaster was the very first electric guitar in history to fulfil all the criteria in order to be unanimously called such. The instrument was released by Fender in 1950.

Almost every successful musician who plays the guitar has achieved the dream of playing one of these gems.

The Telecaster was produced on a mass scale and was meant to be simple, classic and pure. The solid body guitar is easy to play and stripped-down. The amazing quality in sound immediately raised the expectations of all enthusiasts about anything else Fender would produce afterwards.

Luckily for the company, the standards that were set right from the beginning have been met time and time again.

Other absolutely iconic and groundbreaking guitars that shook the music landscape as soon as they were released are the 1933 Martin D-45, the 1952 Gibson Les Paul, the 1954 Fender Stratocaster and the 1958 Gibson Flying V.

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History Music

5 Things to Know About the History of the Electric Guitar

You surely know that what mainly constitutes an electric guitar is the connection to an amplifier, without which the sound is practically non-existent.

To put it simply, the first electric guitars stemmed from the need to play the guitar loudly either because of big crowds or to make sure its sound would not be muted by all the other instruments in a band.

Leo Fender and Les Paul

Although other designs were crafted earlier, the first actual electric guitars date back to the late 1940s. Leo Fender modelled a solid body guitar with one pickup. And around that exact time, the musician and craftsman Les Paul was experimenting with concepts for a guitar of the same type.

His creation would go on to be known as the log since it was made out of a block of wood with a neck attached.

The Telecaster

post The Telecaster - 5 Things to Know About the History of the Electric Guitar

The first popular electric prototype came out in 1950 under the name Esquire and the company Fender. At the beginning of the 1950s, the Esquire was renamed to Telecaster, which is still how we know it today.

The solid body Telecaster became the very first electric guitar to be mass produced.

The company took advantage of the momentum. In the same year, Fender released a bass guitar called The Precision Bass. During the 1950s, almost all musicians had easily available alternatives to the acoustic guitars and basses.

The Gibson Les Paul

But don’t think that Les Paul stepped out of the music scene after Fender apparently surpassed him.

Just one year later, in 1952, Paul got the endorsement of the Gibson Corporation to produce the company’s first solid body electric guitars, which actually looked nowhere near similar to Les Paul’s signature log guitar.

Icons like Jimmy Page, Joe Perry and Slash defend the Gibson Les Paul guitars with their honor.

The Stratocaster

post The Stratocaster - 5 Things to Know About the History of the Electric Guitar

Just like in a USA versus URSS space race, Fender revolutionized the sector yet again in 1954 with the Stratocaster, an instrument beloved by heroes such as Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton.

The Telecaster, the Gibson Les Paul and the Stratocaster are arguably the inspirations for all electric guitars crafted ever since.

Gibson’s robot guitars

post Gibson’s robot guitars - 5 Things to Know About the History of the Electric Guitar

Fast forward half a century to 2007, Gibson introduced the groundbreaking Robot Guitar. The electric now has the potential to be electronic. This design has tuning machines on the pegs that allow for tuning within seconds.

Soon after that, Gibson upgraded the robot concept with the Dark Fire, with even smaller and faster tuning equipment, as well as features to play either acoustic or electric.

Nowadays, electric guitars can produce several sound effects and be manipulated with pedals and synths.

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History Music

What You Need to Know About the History of the Acoustic Guitar

Ancient guitars may have developed in different regions at the same time. In fact, the Greeks, the Persians and the Indians all had a name to define the stringed instrument.

When those inventions were brought to Europe, languages like Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and French introduced words in their lexis to refer to the guitar. To this day, all those languages, including English, preserve a similar sonority.

The acoustic guitar in Europe

post acoutic guitar of europe - What You Need to Know About the History of the Acoustic Guitar

Merchants from all over the world brought ancient guitars to Europe. The instruments were depicted in paintings and talked about in manuscripts. The earliest instrument that most experts seem to agree to describe as an actual guitar is the Spanish chitarra.

Chitarra music started being composed in the country by the 16th century. The instrument had four courses of adjacent strings.

The Baroque period introduced a guitar that was significantly easier to tune and to play. By this time, guitar music was already very popular across several countries in Europe. A multitude of models was crafted and countless guitar compositions were created.

Then, in the later years of the 18th century, Spain came up with yet another groundbreaking advancement in guitars. The new six-stringed instrument was called vihuela and was very similar to the modern guitar.

The contemporary acoustic guitar

post contemporary acoustic guitar - What You Need to Know About the History of the Acoustic Guitar

When compared to today’s acoustic guitars, the only relevant differences in the stringed instruments of the 19th century were the smaller size and waist.

That was up until the Spanish musician Antonio de Torres Jurado designed the first contemporary acoustic guitar with the size, proportions and richness of sound we are accustomed to today.

By means of European immigrants, Torres’ creation made it to the USA, where players started using steel strings. To handle the added pressure of the steel, Christian Frederick Martin developed a flat top, X-braced acoustic guitar in the 1830s.

This model was perfectly suited for more vigorous strumming. That was when the classical style of playing began to be replaced.

Years later, the archtop guitar became a sensation among rock, jazz and country musicians because of its louder and energetic sound.

Both of these contemporary designs stood the test of time and are still impressively relevant in music, even with the advent of the fabulous electric guitar.

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3 of the Best Quotes from Famous Guitarists

History has produced hundreds of incredibly gifted guitarists. Here are the thoughts of three of them to keep you inspired.

Jimi Hendrix

post Jimi Hendrix - 3 of the Best Quotes from Famous Guitarists

The legendary guitarist Jimi Hendrix once said that music is always true, it doesn’t lie. Any change that needs to happen in the world is possible through the power of music.

It’s only fitting that Hendrix talked about the truth in music. Even though he was not one of the most technically skilled guitarists, he was one of the most truthful and natural. That is why he is known as one of the best musicians to ever walk this earth.

He was the personification of his music, not just an artist playing. And as with any human, Hendrix was flawed and layered. So, his music couldn’t have been technically faultless. Creatively, though, it definitely was.

Keith Richards

post Keith Richards - 3 of the Best Quotes from Famous Guitarists

The iconic member of The Rolling Stones said that music is an absolute basic necessity. For him, it was so essential that it was only behind nourishment, air and warmth.

This urge to feeling the music as an ultimate condition for living is truly reflected in Richards’ work. He created some of the best melodies and lyrics in history. He was never afraid to innovate, which is a huge factor to the longevity and success of his band.

It’s no wonder that people are willing to pay a lot to see Richards, either solo or with the Stones. When he plays, he is fulfilling the crowd’s need for music.

Eric Clapton

post Eric Clapton - 3 of the Best Quotes from Famous Guitarists

The revered musician thinks he has some share of the responsibility to keep music alive and thriving. He wants to preserve the tradition of the blues and feels like that is an immensely honorable task to carry on his shoulders.

With his simplicity and honesty, Clapton revolutionized music and become one of the most influential figures in rock. He achieves the remarkable feat of writing and producing music that is always both innovative and rooted in tradition.

All three of these legends defined what it is to grab a guitar and create magic.